HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor

Used to avoid and detect obstacles, measure the distance within a wide range, map the objects surrounding the sensor by rotating it and Depth of certain places like wells, pits  e.t.c

  • Operating voltage: +5V
  • Theoretical  Measuring Distance: 2cm to 450cm
  • Practical Measuring Distance: 2cm to 80cm
  • Accuracy: 3mm
  • Measuring angle covered: <15°
  • Operating Current: <15mA
  • Operating Frequency: 40Hz

KES 200.00

SKU: 564 Categories: , ,

Description

HC-SR04 Sensor Features

  • Operating voltage: +5V
  • Theoretical  Measuring Distance: 2cm to 450cm
  • Practical Measuring Distance: 2cm to 80cm
  • Accuracy: 3mm
  • Measuring angle covered: <15°
  • Operating Current: <15mA
  • Operating Frequency: 40Hz

 

Equivalent distance measuring Sensors

US transmitter Receiver pair, IR sensor module, IR sensor pair, IR Analog distance sensor,

 

HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor – Working

HC-SR04 Ultrasonic (US) sensor is a 4 pin module, whose pin names are Vcc, Trigger, Echo and Ground respectively. This sensor is a very popular sensor used in many applications where measuring distance or sensing objects are required. The module has two eyes like projects in the front which forms the Ultrasonic transmitter and Receiver. The sensor works with the simple high school formula that

Distance = Speed × Time

The Ultrasonic transmitter transmits an ultrasonic wave, this wave travels in air and when it gets objected by any material it gets reflected back toward the sensor this reflected wave is observed by the Ultrasonic receiver module as shown in the picture below

Ultrasonic Sensor Working

Now, to calculate the distance using the above formulae, we should know the Speed and time. Since we are using the Ultrasonic wave we know the universal speed of US wave at room conditions which is 330m/s. The circuitry inbuilt on the module will calculate the time taken for the US wave to come back and turns on the echo pin high for that same particular amount of time, this way we can also know the time taken. Now simply calculate the distance using a microcontroller or microprocessor.

 

Applications

  • Used to avoid and detect obstacles with robots like biped robot, obstacle avoider robot, path finding robot etc.
  • Used to measure the distance within a wide range of 2cm to 400cm
  • Can be used to map the objects surrounding the sensor by rotating it
  • Depth of certain places like wells, pits etc can be measured since the waves can penetrate through water

 

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